This guide aims to give instructions for adopting what is called gender-neutral institutional communication, which concerns several areas of expression (language, images, group composition, etc.), following its approach of integrating equality into all public tools and policies.
Gender stereotypes are schematic and all-encompassing representations that attribute supposedly "natural" characteristics to women and men about what they are and are not. Gender stereotypes make different and hierarchical gender roles for women and men seem innate and socially acceptable.
Gender roles refer to the psychological traits, behaviors, social roles or activities assigned to women or men in a given culture at a given time. Gender roles are a practice of gender. Gender roles refer to the psychological traits, behaviors, social roles or activities assigned to women or men in a given culture at a given time. Sex roles are a practice of gender.
Gender is the system of hierarchical and hierarchical norms of femininity and masculinity. These norms are different, constructed in opposition, and valid in a given culture, a given time. Gender norms do not produce inequalities but legitimize them by making them seem natural.
Sexism is an ideology which rests on the postulate of the inferiority of women compared to men. It is also a set of manifestations, gestures, words and behaviors, from the most apparently insignificant (ordinary or daily sexism, benevolent or hostile) to the most serious (rapes, murders). These manifestations are intended to delegitimize, disqualify, humiliate or violate women and have effects on them (loss of self-esteem, alteration of psychological and physical health and modification of behavior).
Egalitarian (or non-sexist, or inclusive) language refers to the set of discursive attentions, i.e. lexical, syntactic and graphic, which ensure equal representation of individuals. This set is too often reduced to the expression "inclusive writing", which has imposed itself in the public debate but which should only concern the elements related to writing (notably abbreviations).
Epicene language emphasizes the use of "epicene" words, i.e. words that do not vary according to gender (architect, pedagogue, managers...).
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